Tag Archives: health and medicine

BioPharming for Meds

biopharmaceuticals, medical plants research
searching for medicine in plants

Plant Made Pharmaceuticals, PMP

Bio-engineering – the field of study that utilizes engineering techniques to improve the health and well being of people aka biomedical engineering– Encyclopedia & Dictionary of Medicine & Allied Health

Research and development personnel of Pharmaceutical companies don’t just spend their time in laboratories or out in the field collecting samples. They can be found on plant farms that are specifically designated and segregated from the public.

The farm may be growing alfalfa, corn, duckweed, rice, safflower, tomatoes and tobacco to name a few crops. These crops are used in bio-engineering for new drugs, to combat disease that afflicts people of all ages and ethnic backgrounds.

Bio-engineering requires knowledge from a mix of studies like genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, chemistry, and cell biology. These skills can also be utilized in other industries such as chemical engineering, agriculture, information technology and bio-robotics.  Pathobio-technology refers to the exploitation and modification of pathogens or it’s compounds for beneficial effect.

The use of plants for medical research has found compounds that assist with integration, catalyzers, metabolizing, attachment, and, non-toxicity. It is the ease and edibility of the use and structure of the plants, for recombining and modification, that makes this science exciting and successful.

Exploring plant types

Plants such as the following have been manufactured by pharmaceutical companies for treatment of various illnesses ;

Papaver somniferum – Codeine, treatment of pain

Catharanthus roseus – Vinblastine, treatment of cancer.

Cinchonas officinalis – Quinine, treatment of malaria.

Hyoscyamus niger – Atropine, treatment of iritis, bradycardia.

Digitalis purpurea – Digitalis, treatment of heart conditions.

Beginnings of a Bio-Pharmaceutical Farm

Permission from the government is required by the pharmaceutical companies to open this sort of farm. An application for permits must be submitted. Inspections a few times a year are done. They are never de-regulated. All equipment is dedicated, meaning that use is specific for the crops and farm only, and, never to be available for public use. These crops are confined for pharmaceutical use only. It is a very tightly controlled industry to maintain safety for both personnel and the public.
Journey into a Science career

A career in these areas of science would be exciting and highly recommended, if you enjoy the idea of helping discover new medicines. Who knows? maybe your son or daughter may find the cure for our worst diseases. Monetary rewards are great even for new graduates and this type of research, is an on-going field.

Extra Reading

BioWorld, The Daily Biopharmaceutical News Source

Careers in Biopharmaceutical Sciences 

Biopharmaceutical  Salary

Learning in Motion

I hope you found this article informative and gained some new insight. Please feel free to leave your comments and share your new found knowledge with others. Use the ‘Contact’ form to make a request on a topic of your own interest. It is FREE to subscribe by email or RSS feed.

Article(C)2009 An Informal Cornr, all rights reserved. Ginsense writes articles on business skills, development, health, science, technology and society and enjoys advocating for independence, security and a better world for all of us.

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11 Facts about In Vitro Fertilisation

infertility treatment, 10 facts about IVF, in vitro fertilisation, medically assisted reproduction treatment, infertility
Tiny baby feet

Infertility affects couples around the globe with the inability to produce their own genetic offspring. Factors that can affect conception to occur for males can be, low/no sperm, malformed sperm, short life sperm, spermatic tube blockage, undeveloped or damaged testes, from STD and/or trauma, or genetic disease.

Women may face anovulation (failure to ovulate) due to stress, hormonal imbalance, tumor, cyst, ovary disorder, obstructed fallopian tubes, pelvic endometriosis, poor embryo implantation. It’s estimated that 40% of couples are affected with infertility cases.

The use of ‘in vitro fertilisation’ techniques are one of the treatments offered to help. A few facts about this treatment are:

  1. Dr Edwards, Embryologist, develops human culture media for embryo fertilisation aka the ‘petri dish’ and partners with Dr. Steptoe, Gynecologist, who develops the method of using laparoscopy to implant embryos.
  2. Hostility and criticism was endured by both pioneers, from their peers, government, religious sectors as saying that IVF was creating ‘Frankenbabies’.
  3. Lesley Brown volunteers to undergo the IVF technique and succeeds in conception, declared officially pregnant.
  4. The birth is attended by government officials to document the baby is truly Lesley Brown’s child.
  5. July 1978, England, is the first to announce successful birth of a ‘test tube baby’ with no defects or abnormalities.
  6. IVF treatment availability comes with strict regulations such as specific age, diet, number of embryo transfers and weight next to differing costs.
  7. Medical tourism provides couples to opt for lower cost and regulations, of IVF treatment, in developing nations vs developed nations.
  8. Research today, is exploring how embryos attach to the lining of the womb when implanted thus possibly answering why the IVF cycle can prove unsuccessful.
  9. A high incidence of miscarriages with IVF treatment are common. Studies have shown miscarriages occur due Aneuploidy, abnormal numbers of chromosomes.
  1. Stem cell research has succeeded in creation of viable offspring in animals but no reports of live human births from artificial gametes has been recorded yet.
  1. Research has shown that approximately 50% of Western men have decreased sperm counts.

Investigating the underlying causes of infertility are performed for both partners. This may require sensitive and specialised tests to determine if infertility is due to one or both partners. Mutual immunological incompatibility may be suspect and exposure to pollutants is also another consideration.

I hope you found this article informative. Please feel free to leave your comments or share with your Friends. Use the ‘Ask a Question’ form and request a topic of your own interest for the next Post.

Learning in Action

Learning Resources

Five most common causes of infertility

Insurance Coverage for Infertility Treatment PDF

Miscarriage

Article(C)2016 An Informal Cornr, all rights reserved. Ginsense writes articles on business skills, development, health, science, technology and society and enjoys advocating for independence, security and a better world for all of us. She is also a VEA available for Hire 🙂

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